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MOTHER

Multipurpose Organization for Training, Health, Education and Rehabitation

Soil and Water conservation

India is home to the fourth largest agriculture sector in the world. For a majority of the country, an estimated 72% of the 1.1 billion people who live in rural India, Agriculture is a way of life. Soil and water are the important resources for Agriculture. Soil and water management is very poor in India.

There are two types of irrigations - surface irrigation and the ground water irrigation. Management of water resources is very important in surface irrigation. Water body management and effective rain water conservation should be there. The disproportionate utilization of ground water against requirement has made the situation tough. Now the ground water has gone down, wells are dried; one has to drill 1000-1200 ft for getting ground water; which should not be done.

When comes to soil, the existing monocropping practice has spoiled the soil health. And there is no barrier for soil erosion. Hence MOTHER is focused on soil and water conservation in farmer fields since 2002.

Silt removal in 69 water bodies (Traditional tanks) with the support of Jala Samvardhane Yojana Sangha, Land treatment activities in 16000 Ha, horticulture and forestry plantation with the assistance of Watershed Development Department and NABARD are the major programs.

Formation of trench cum bund, farm ponds, waste weirs in farmer fields helped in arresting easy flow of soil and water. Addition of horticulture and forestry species brought additional agriculture income for the farmer.

With soil and water conservation structures organized Farmer Field Schools with the assistance of Krishi Vigyan Kendra(KVK). Trained farmers about multi cropping, diversified agriculture, field rest and many other things.

At present implementing Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP) with the assistance of Watershed Development Department. Our role to community mobilization and motivate farmers to implement soil and water conservation activities in their field.

Sustainable Agriculture

Organic revolution is happening round the world. Organic produces have high value. Hence MOTHER stepped into Organic agriculture programs in 2007 and insisting farmers to use organic inputs for their lands. 500 acre belong to 226 farmers has been certified as organic from certification Agency AOCA under Organic village project assisted by Department of Agriculture. The project supported for organic resouce production and certification. After three years certification farmers are marketing Finger millet, Red gram, khodo millet, green gram, groundnut and honey to organic produces buying agencies. At present implmenting Savayava Bhagya Yojane in 5 village of Gubbi Taluk for selected 498 farmers. 

Tree Based Farming

Trees are essential to integrate various production systems and thereby achieve sustainability in dry land agriculture. This is especially true for small farmers. In marginal lands, addition of tree biomass to soil helps in enhancing soil fertility and thereby increasing yield. The increased vegetative cover helps to retain maximum moisture in the soil. As vegetative cover increases the water table and restricts the soil erosion, planted different horticulture and forestry seedlings in farmers’ lands and in community lands under different projects.

Under Green Power Project introduced Tree based farming modules in 6 villages, as trees are essential part of the project. In tree based farming system there are 3 modules – 1) Agro Horti Forestry (AHF) plantations, involving intercropping of fruit trees with agriculture crops and planting of forestry plants on bunds for producing fuel and fodder. This has been done in 404 acres of farming land belong to 404 farmers. 2) Agro Forestry (AF) plantations, involving planting of forestry species on bunds. This has been done in 80 acres of farming land belong to 80 farmers. 3) Farm Forestry (FF) plantation involving planting of fuel wood species in woodlots on fallow and waste lands. This has been done in 10 acres uncultivable land of 10 farmers.

WADI developed in 880 acre of 935 farmers land under Tribal Development and watershed development project. Supported for 40 Mango and sapota horticulture plants and 400 different forestry seedlings around the WADI. 615 WADIs are yielding now, farmers are getting good alternative agriculture income which is increased their annual income by Rs.25000/-.

Forestry

Waste lands can be used for a variety of purposes, but Afforestation is best because it is profitable. It can provide huge employment to rural poor and does not require heavy capital investment. Afforestation also helps in improving ecosystem and preventing soil erosion. Thus wasteland development will also help in improving agricultural production and protection of the environment. Under Sujala Watershed project in Sira taluk in 70 Ha common land (Gomal, tank foreshore, temple land, school land) of 5 villages, developed 18820 different advantageous plants such as Pongemia, Tamarind, Neem, Bamboo, glyricidia, Banyan, silver oak, amla, sissoo, casurina, etc., To create employment for landless and women, these works were carried by women self help groups and Area Groups.

Under Community Based Tank Management project introduced tank foreshore plantation as it avoids unnecessary encroachment, apart from the improvement over the Eco- bio environment as well as hindering the soil erosion to a certain extent. In 16 tanks of Sira and Pavagada Taluk 11000 different varieties such as Pongemia, Tamarind, Neem, Bamboo, Banyan etc.,were planted along the foreshore of tanks.

Energy plantation of different forestry species such as Eucalyptus, cassia siamea, acacia, gliricidia and pongamia for production of electricity done in 114 Ha of 3 villages of Gubbi Taluk under Green Power Project supported by BERI, Bangalore. The VFCs formed under the project are maintaining the plantation.

Women Development

Self Help Groups : To ensure that the process of empowerment is self-sustaining, the MOTHER focuses on building women groups, which will have the capacity to further their development. Women owned affinity groups are important to the empowerment as they provide-

  • Mutual support for members and confidence to struggle together for social change.
  • A forum in which women can critically analyze their situations and devise strategies to overcome difficulties.
  • Support for development of economic.

Organization formed 797 women self help groups targeted most disadvantaged and vulnerable families with the support of Zilla Panchayat, Women Development Corporation, Watershed Development Department, Jala samvardhana Yojana sangha, NABARD and BERI.

Capacity building Trainings : To build capacity of these groups organized different training programs like Book Writers, Panchayat Raj institution, RCH, Gender, Leadership & communication, legal, vision building, EDP, Herbal medicine. To focus village burning issues conducted theme camps on alcohol reduction, School dropouts and Child labour.

10 trainings each of 8 days conducted for rural women with an aim of creating awareness in the community on issues relating to the status, rights and problems of women. Its main objectives are to identify the needs of rural and poor women, to increase their active participation in decision making both in the family and community on development issues including atrocities on women and children. Completed all the camps by March 2014. A total of 250 women benefited from the Program and feedback is good. Program assisted by Central Social Welfare Board.

NAI ROSHINI – Leadership Development training for minority women by Ministry of Minority Affairs. Selected 125 women will avail training on communication, leadership, lifeskills, home management, Government programs, PRI and its mechanism, Fair price shop, Health and hygiene and nutrition. The project is under progress.

Federations :  For strengthening of the groups established three federations. Conflict resolution, Books of accounts of SHGs, Bank Linkage are the responsibilities shouldered by the Federations.

Convergence : The Organization has involved in many convergence activities mobilization from line departments. Some such programs are

  • Housing scheme from Rajiv Gandhi Rural Housing Corporation limited. 92 houses constructed with 50% loan and 50% subsidy.
  • Sanitary Units constructed for 420 families with the support of Zilla Panchayat and NABARD.

 Drudgery Reduction : Under Swashakti Project introduced cement bag program and community hall(Multi purpose building). SHGs had taken the responsibility of repair of 15 borewell platform, school compound, 3 school building floor repair, road repair, construction of 6 cattle trough, 10 washing platform etc which were needed in the concerned villages. SHG members constructed 6 Community halls in 6 villages with their own good supervision. Expenses worth of 40% contribution mobilized by the community. This program has created confidence in members to struggle with developmental challenges.

To develop and implement a biomass technology packages to reduce green house gas emissions and to promote sustainable and participatory approach in meeting rural energy needs implemented Green Power Project with the support of BERI, Bangalore. Built 10 Community Bio gas plants to provide cooking gas for 35 households.

Income Generating Activities: Objective of Income generation activities is to make the SHG members self-sustained and self-reliable. Under various projects given trainings to women SHG members to commence income generating activities using locally available resources. Under some programs supported the SHGs through revolving fund. Around 5400 women are doing different income generating activities like animal husbandry, business, Food items preparation and selling, skill based activities. Supported women for IGA under Swashakti, Sujala Watershed, Karnataka Community Based Tank Management, Tribal Development project and watershed development project.

Network and Marketing

Value addition and efficient marketing determine the success of most of the production-oriented development programs.  Therefore, in most of the rural development projects, particularly in the farming sector where farmers are dependent on many external agencies and marketing of the produce is not well planned, the profit margins are under severe pressure, often resulting in failures.  It is indeed efficient backward and forward linkages, which play a significant role in lowering the cost of production and higher price realization, resulting in higher returns.

Hence the MOTHER involves in value chain development of its production oriented programs. Knowledge enhancement of farmers on Resource utilization, good practices, value addition, network and marketing are the activities under value chain development.

“Farmers to Consumers” is our policy

Village level or cluster level community Based organizations will take responsibility of collection of produces from farmers and selling at best price to benefit the farmers.  

Through the committees, farmers are selling organic produces and mangoes at best price.